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Friday, August 19, 2016

How to Universities Are Ranked – The Methodology

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wo primary level indicators – Economics and Social Affairs, were used to rank the universities in categories. Then 7 criteria – Innovation; Research; Publications; Facilities; Teaching; Employability; and Social Responsibility, were used to measure each university’s strengthens within the two primary indicators. 
Below is the methodology indicator’s criteria scoring scale system:
Economic Indicators
  1. Innovation (60%): Innovation, the output of the universities activities and findings to economy, society and culture, in agriculture, healthcare, financial and communication services, and its help in sustaining innovations (which supplant older products with revolutionary and more superior ones) and efficiency designs (which permit companies to build and sell established products for less) help companies serve their existing customers better, that drives economic growth.
  2. Research (30%): This category criteria looks, at the university’s global and regional academic reputation for research excellence amongst they’re peers. The aggregate number of citations per paper represents the overall impact of the research by the university in industries publications. And finally, the role of universities in disseminating brand-new knowledge and ideas in the global research community.
  3. Publications (10%): This criteria is based on the overall number of scholarly papers (reviews, articles and notes) that contain affiliations to a university and are published in high-quality, impactful journals. This is also influenced by the amount of papers that have been assigned as being in the top 10 percent of the most highly cited papers in the world for their respective fields. As the quantity of highly cited papers is compared with similar papers (same publication year, subject and document type), that can be considered a robust indication of how much excellent research the university produces.
Social Affairs Indicators
  1. Facilities (15%): A University’s learning and living environment, and infrastructure are a key indicator for students to know what to expect from their university experience. Factors such as housing, IT, library and career development facilities, in addition to the number of students’ societies were considered within this criterion. This category is studied to offer a definite sense of the learning environment of each institution from both the student and the academic perspective.
  2. Teaching (30%): A University’s quality of faculty is a major role of its ability to attract and nurture tomorrow’s finest minds, and inspire the next generation of potential research academics. This indicator measured the number of academics who have won major international awards, prizes, medals, and student teaching quality assessment data feedback, in addition to, study rate and student faculty ratio.
  3. Employability (40%): The most important indicator of a university’s success is its ability to help industry with innovations, inventions and a work-ready graduated workforce. That can be measured by the number of a university’s alumni who have the ability to work effectively in a multi-cultural environment, to deliver presentations, to manage people and projects, and ultimately hold CEO positions internationally, nationally and locally. The data to access these results were gathered from surveys of employers, graduate employment rates and careers service support.
  4. Social Responsibility (15%): Effective indicators are the number of obligations a university organizes and takes to society by investing in the local community as well as in charity work and disaster relief. We also examine the inclusiveness of the university to students, especially at scholarships and bursaries, disability access, gender balance and low-income outreach, and the university’s engagement in environmental awareness and its regional human capital development.
The Scoring Point System
To calculate each university’s score, two tables were created for both indicators – Economic and Social Affairs-will their criteria base score being tallied from a scale set of five values:  5-Excellent,  4- Very Good, 3-Good, 2-Average and 1-Poor.
Each criteria value point is given a score based on data collected by our research team, and then calculated for a mean average for the indicator, and then combined with the second indicator to arrive at total, which is divided for the final average score.

Data Collection

Statistical data were collected from Institutions database and educational publications for use in the criteria value scores.

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