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Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Best Study In Uk-An Over Views-Best Education Service



Highlights

The United Kingdom is made up of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It has a long history as a major player in international affairs and fulfils an important role in the EU, UN and Nato.
The United Kingdom is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 64.5 million inhabitants. It is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance.Its capital city is London, an important global city and financial centre with an urban population of 10,310,000, the fourth-largest in Europe and second-largest in the European Union.The current monarch—since 6 February 1952—is Queen Elizabeth II.
The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and tenth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. The UK is considered to have a high-income economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index, currently ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The twentieth century saw Britain having to redefine its place in the world. At the beginning of the century it commanded a world-wide empire as the foremost global power.
Two world wars and the end of empire diminished its role, but the UK remains a major economic and military power, with considerable political and cultural influence around the world.
Although weather in the UK is usually very mild, with warm summers and cool winters, it is also extremely unpredictable. It can be sunny and warm one day, and cold and rainy the next, and so it is advisable to bring both waterproof and warm clothing, as well as cooler clothing for the summer months.
Compared to the rest of the continent, the UK does not reach the same extremes in weather, with lows of around 0 degree in the winter and highs of around 32 degree in the summer, however there is frequent rain throughout the year. The coldest months in the UK are December to February, and the warmest are usually July and August.
In winter, the average length of daylight is around 7 hours, increasing to around 17 hours in the summer, although this varies quite significantly by region, with daylight hours decreasing the further north you go. Temperature also varies with location, again falling as you travel further north. Inland regions benefit from less changeable weather due to the absence of sea breezes, but do not differ greatly from coastal areas.

Healthcare in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter, meaning England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales each have their own systems of publicly funded healthcare.
A variety of differences exist between these systems, as a result of each region having different policies and priorities. However, each country provides public healthcare to all UK permanent residents that is free at the point of need, being paid for from general taxation. In addition, each also has a private healthcare sector which is considerably smaller than its public equivalent.

A Look at British Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette

Welcome to our guide to the UK. This is useful for anyone researching British culture, customs, manners, etiquette, values and wanting to understand the people better. You may be going to Britain on business, for a visit or even hosting British colleagues or clients in your own country. Remember this is only a very basic level introduction and is not meant to stereotype all Brits you may meet!

Facts and Statistics

Location: Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France
Capital: London
Climate: temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast
Population: 63,742,970 (2014 est.)
Ethnic Make-up: white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% (2001 census)
Religions: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (2001 census)
Government: constitutional monarchy

Language in the UK

The United Kingdom does not have a constitutionally defined official language. English is the main language (being spoken monolingually by more than 70% of the UK population) and is thus the de facto official language.
Other native languages to the Isles include Welsh, Irish, Ulster Scots, Cornish, Gaelic and British Sign Language.
Immigrants have naturally brought many foreign languages from across the globe.

British Society, People and Culture

The United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is comprised of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It is important not only to be aware of these geographical distinctions, but also the strong sense of identity and nationalism felt by the populations of these four nations.

The terms 'English' and 'British' do not mean the same thing. 'British' denotes someone who is from England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland. 'English' refers to people from England. People from Scotland are 'Scots', from Wales ‘Welsh’ and from Northern Ireland ‘Irish’. Be sure not to call someone Welsh, Scots, or Northern Irish ‘English’.

The Class System

Although in the past few decades, people from varied backgrounds have had greater access to higher education, wealth distribution is changing and more upward/downward mobility is occurring, the British class system is still very much intact although in a more subconscious way. The playing field is levelling but the British still seem to pigeon-hole people according to class.
Class is no longer simply about wealth or where one lives; the British are able to suss out someone’s class through a number of complex variables including demeanour, accent, manners and comportment.

A Multicultural Society

Formerly a very homogenous society, since World War II, Britain has become increasingly diverse as it has accommodated large immigrant populations, particularly from its former colonies such as India, Pakistan and the West Indies. The mixture of ethnic groups and cultures make it difficult to define “Britishness” nowadays and a debate rages within the nation as to what now really constitutes being a Briton.

The Stiff Upper Lip

The British have been historically known for their stiff upper lip and “blitz spirit” as demonstrated during the German bombings of World War II. This ‘grin and bear’ attitude in the face of adversity or embarrassment lives on today.
As a nation, the Brits tend not to use superlatives and may not appear terribly animated when they speak. This does not mean that they do not have strong emotions; merely that they do not choose to put them on public display. They are generally not very openly demonstrative, and, unless you know someone well, may not appreciate it if you put your arm around their shoulder. Kissing is most often reserved for family members in the privacy of home, rather than in public. You'll see that the British prefer to maintain a few feet of distance between themselves and the person to whom they are speaking. If you have insulted someone, their facial expression may not change.
The British are very reserved and private people. Privacy is extremely important. The British will not necessarily give you a tour of their home and, in fact, may keep most doors closed. They expect others to respect their privacy. This extends to not asking personal questions. The question, “Where are you from?” may be viewed as an attempt to “place” the person on the social or class scale. Even close friends do not ask pointedly personal questions, particularly pertaining to one’s financial situation or relationships.
There is a proper way to act in most situations and the British are sticklers for adherence to protocol. The British are a bit more contained in their body language and hand gestures while speaking. They are generally more distant and reserved than North and South Americans and Southern Europeans, and may not initially appear to be as open or friendly. Friendships take longer to build; however, once established they tend to be deep and may last over time and distance.

British Etiquette and Customs

Meeting and Greeting

  • The handshake is the common form of greeting.
  • The British might seem a little stiff and formal at first.
  • Avoid prolonged eye contact as it makes people feel uncomfortable.
  • There is still some protocol to follow when introducing people in a business or more formal social situation. This is often a class distinction, with the 'upper class' holding on to the long-standing traditions:
  • Introduce a younger person to an older person.
  • Introduce a person of lower status to a person of higher status.
  • When two people are of similar age and rank, introduce the one you know better to the other person.

Gift Giving Etiquette

  • The British exchange gifts between family members and close friends for birthdays and Christmas.
  • The gift need not be expensive, but it should usually demonstrate an attempt to find something that related to the recipient’s interests.
  • If invited to someone's home, it is normal to take along a box of good chocolates, a good bottle of wine or flowers.
  • Gifts are opened when received.

Dining Etiquette

  • Unlike many European cultures, the British enjoy entertaining in people their homes.
  • Although the British value punctuality, you may arrive 10-15 minutes later than invited to dinner. However, if going to a restaurant be on time.
  • Table manners are Continental, i.e. the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating.
  • The fork is held tines down so food is scooped on to the back of the fork. This is a skill that takes time to master.
  • Remain standing until invited to sit down. You may be shown to a particular seat.
  • Do not rest your elbows on the table.
  • If you have not finished eating, cross your knife and fork on your plate with the fork over the knife.
  • Indicate you have finished eating by laying your knife and fork parallel across the right side of your plate.
  • Toasts are given at formal meals.
  • When in a pub, it is common practice to pay for a round of drinks for everyone in your group.
  • If invited to a meal at a restaurant, the person extending the invitation usually pays. Do not argue about the check; simply reciprocate at a later time.

Business Etiquette and Protocol

Greetings

  • A firm handshake is the norm; there are no issues over gender in the UK.
  • People shake upon meeting and leaving.
  • Maintain eye contact during the greeting but avoid anything prolonged.
  • Most people use the courtesy titles or Mr, Mrs or Miss and their surname.
  • Wait until invited before moving to a first-name basis. People under the age of 35 may make this move more rapidly than older British.
  • Business cards are exchanged at the initial introduction without formal ritual.
  • The business card may be put away with only a cursory glance so don’t be offended if not much attention is paid to it.

The British Communication Style

The British have an interesting mix of communication styles encompassing both understatement and direct communication. Many older businesspeople or those from the 'upper class' rely heavily upon formal use of established protocol. Most British are masters of understatement and do not use effusive language. If anything, they have a marked tendency to use ‘qualifiers’ such as 'perhaps', ‘possibly’ or 'it could be'.
When communicating with people they see as equal to themselves in rank or class, the British are direct, but modest. If communicating with someone they know well, their style may be more informal, although they will still be reserved.
Written communication follows strict rules of protocol. How a letter is closed varies depending upon how well the writer knows the recipient. Written communication is always addressed using the person's title and their surname. First names are not generally used in written communication, unless you know the person well.
E-mail is now much more widespread, however the communication style remains more formal, at least initially, than in many other countries. Most British will not use slang or abbreviations and will think negatively if your communication appears overly familiar.

Building Relationships

The British can be quite formal and sometimes prefer to work with people and companies they know or who are known to their associates. The younger generation however is very different; they do not need long-standing personal relationships before they do business with people and do not require an intermediary to make business introductions. Nonetheless, networking and relationship building are often key to long-term business success.
Most British look for long-term relationships with people they do business with and will be cautious if you appear to be going after a quick deal.

Business Meetings

If you plan to use an agenda, be sure to forward it to your British colleagues in sufficient time for them to review it and recommend any changes.
Punctuality is important in business situations. In most cases, the people you are meeting will be on time. Scots are extremely punctual. Call if you will be even 5 minutes later than agreed. Having said that, punctuality is often a matter of personal style and emergencies do arise. If you are kept waiting a few minutes, do not make an issue of it. Likewise, if you know that you will be late it is a good idea to telephone and offer your apologies.
How meetings are conducted is often determined by the composition of people attending:
If everyone is at the same level, there is generally a free flow of ideas and opinions.
If there is a senior ranking person in the room, that person will do most of the speaking.

In general, meetings will be rather formal:

  • Meetings always have a clearly defined purpose, which may include an agenda.
  • There will be a brief amount of small talk before getting down to the business at hand.
  • If you make a presentation, avoid making exaggerated claims.
  • Make certain your presentation and any materials provided appear professional and well thought out.
  • Be prepared to back up your claims with facts and figures. The British rely on facts, rather than emotions, to make decisions.
  • Maintain eye contact and a few feet of personal space.
  • After a meeting, send a letter summarizing what was decided and the next steps to be taken.

Numerous expats move to the UK looking for new openings for work and a superior personal satisfaction. Despite the fact that compensations have a tendency to be generally high, the purpose behind this is frequently to counterbalance the higher typical cost for basic items in the United Kingdom. 

There are a lot of approaches to spare while as yet encountering expat life in the UK. For instance, most expats living in the United Kingdom will have entry to at any rate some level of free human services on the UK's National Health Service and they'll be qualified to send their youngsters to British state schools at no expense. 

The expenses of convenience, transport and diversion are genuinely high, yet expats who take an ideal opportunity to research the average cost for basic items in the United Kingdom will discover a lot of rebates around. 

Expense of settlement in the United Kingdom 

Just like the case for expats everywhere throughout the world, a noteworthy bit of their pay will be spent on convenience. Leasing doesn't come modest, particularly in London, however most expats still pick this over purchasing property in the UK, which is considerably more costly. Leasing an outfitted two-room condo in the London midpoints about GBP 1,900 every month, with expansive value varieties between various regions. Rent in other enormous urban communities, for example, Manchester, Birmingham or Leeds will be somewhat more sensible. 

A few understudies and expats lease a room inside a bigger house. It is conceivable to lease a room in London for around GBP 400 every month. House-shares are likewise an extraordinary approach to meet other youngsters. 

Utility expenses differ contingent upon the extent of the property. The normal expense of water and power is around 140 GBP every month. Warming costs normal around 80 GBP every month, except expansion significantly amid winter, especially in a drafty more established property without legitimate protection. 

Committee expense is excluded in the expense of leasing a property in the UK. It is approximately in light of the estimation of the property and expats can hope to pay no less than 100 GBP every month. 

Expense of training in the United Kingdom 

Expats with brief residency in the UK will be qualified to send their youngsters to a state school at no expense. Benchmarks differ extensively and the better state schools have a tendency to be situated in more rich zones. At more well known schools, affirmation is confined to understudies living in a specific catchment territory. Guardians will be required to pay for garbs, stationery and school trips. 

English tuition based schools, or free schools as they are regularly called, charge high expenses. Guardians ought to hope to pay between 5,000 GBP and 7,000 GBP a term. These schools generally offer a higher standard of instruction and a large group of extracurricular exercises. 

Numerous expats living in the UK send their youngsters to a global school that permits their tyke to keep concentrating on the same syllabus as they would in their nation of origin and in this way offer minimal interruption to the kid's instruction. Worldwide school charges in London are amongst the most noteworthy on the planet and can reach up to 12,000 GBP per term. 

Expense of transportation in the United Kingdom 

The United Kingdom is served by a national system of trains and long separation transports, however with the development of ease carriers in Europe it is likewise conceivable to fly between urban communities at exceptionally sensible costs. 

Train go in the UK can be costly. By and large, an arrival train toll amongst London and Manchester costs around GBP 70. Explorers can spare cash by booking the trip well ahead of time or by putting resources into a railcard. 

Going by long-separate transport in the UK is a more conservative choice. A restricted excursion on a National Express transport from Birmingham to Manchester will cost around 18 GBP, yet passages can be as low as GBP 7 if booked ahead of time utilizing a Coach Card. 

Inside British urban areas the cost of open transportation shifts significantly. London has the UK's most extensive open transportation organize yet charges are moderately costly. A solitary transport toll will cost around GBP 2.50 for a short excursion inside the city. Suburbanites spare cash by putting resources into week after week or month to month travel cards. 

While most expats living in the UK won't put resources into an auto, it is genuinely shabby to purchase and look after one. Petrol costs vacillate however are sensible contrasted with somewhere else. 

Expense of human services in the United Kingdom 

One of Britain's most noteworthy resources is its National Health Service (NHS). Open social insurance in the UK is allowed to every British native and expats from nations, for example, Australia, New Zealand and EU part expresses that are absolved from human services installments since they have corresponding medicinal services concurrences with the British government. Crisis social insurance on the NHS is likewise allowed to all expats living in the United Kingdom. Any individual who has lived in the UK legitimately for 12 months or progressively when beginning treatment is qualified for nothing heathcare on the NHS. 

The United Kingdom likewise has some fabulous private medicinal services offices and private human services is the best choice for the individuals who need to stay away from long holding up records and are upbeat to pay for speedier administration. The expense of private medical coverage differs as per how extensive the strategy is and the condition of an individual's wellbeing. Unmistakable social insurance suppliers incorporate Axa PPP, Bupa and Allianz. 

Typical cost for basic items in the UK 2015 

(Costs differ over the UK – these are normal expenses for London in July 2015. Costs may change contingent upon item and administration supplier)

Accommodation (monthly rent in a good area)
Furnished 2 bedroom house
GBP 3,200
Unfurnished 2 bedroom house
GBP 2,800
Furnished 2 bedroom apartment
GBP 2,100
Unfurnished 2 bedroom apartment
GBP 1,900
Food and drink
Milk (1 litre)
GBP 0.80
Cheese
GBP 4
Dozen Eggs
GBP 1.55
White Bread 
GBP 1.20
Rice (1kg)
GBP 1.25
1 packet of cigarettes (Malboro)
GBP 9
Transportation
City centre bus/train fare
 GBP 2.50
Taxi rate per km
 GBP 2.75
Petrol/gasoline per litre
 GBP1.25
Eating out
Big Mac Meal
 GBP 5.40
Coca Cola (500 ml)   
 GBP 1.75
Cappucino
 GBP 4
Bottle of beer
GBP 5.50
Three course meal at a mid-range restaurant
GBP 35
Utilities
Internet uncapped ADSL per month
GBP 30 
Mobile call rate (mobile to mobile per minute)
GBP 0.29
Electricity (average per month for standard household)
GBP 80

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