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Wednesday, August 24, 2016

4 Innovations that Use Technology to Solve Social Issues

From mobile health and telemedicine to educational apps and microfinance, these nonprofits are all about positive impact.


Ghana schoolgirls with their Worldreader e-readers
Ghana schoolgirls with their Worldreader e-readers 
While technology is the root of some profound instances of disconnection between people, it’s worth noting that many positive forms of interaction have also stemmed from the digital age - particularly in the nonprofit world. Charitable organizations have increasingly started to soak up technological innovations and approaches to solving societal problems in recent years. From mobile health and telemedicine to educational apps and micro-finance, digital advancements have greatly benefited a number of nonprofits, giving  them the tools to create lasting change. The following four organizations are particularly innovative in their uses of technology for tackling today’s most pressing social issues.

1. EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY

NONPROFIT: Worldreader
While many of us may miss the smell and feel of a paperback, the advent of digital books has been enormously useful for this nonprofit. Worldreader is working towards “creating a literate world.” According to UNESCO, literacy has the power to be a game changer. It can lead to a higher income and help break the cycle of poverty. Despite this great potential, 250 million school-aged children do not have elementary reading and writing abilities and 740 million people are illiterate. As Worldreader tells us, 50 percent of African schools have zero (or close to zero) books.

Worldreader works to increase access to books and the experience of reading. Realizing that the primary way of achieving this is through technology—specifically, e-readers—they launched Worldreader Mobile, enabling anyone with a cell phone or tablet to utilize the organization’s digital library.

Worldreader also works on curating books with genres that are accessible to children in different areas—such as books by African or Indian authors—recognizing that the more interested and engaged children are when they read, the more they want to read.

2. HEALTH TECHNOLOGY

NONPROFIT: CareMessage

Based in San Francisco, CareMessage utilizes mobile technologies in an effort to improve healthcare in underprivileged areas. The nonprofit focuses on enhancing patients’ ability to self-manage their health (taking medications properly and attending appointments), expanding health literacy, and improving care in general in underserved populations primarily through text messaging.

CareMessage stemmed from CEO Vineet Singal’s personal experience at a Galveston, Texas free clinic. As a volunteer, he witnessed the substantial health knowledge deficits of the lower socio-economic patients. He conferred with Corral and Rivera, and CareMessage was born.

Through CareMessage’s platform, physicians can send appointment reminders (and receive RSVPs), collect data (from surveys using analytics engine), use filters for demographics or conditions, provide educational programs through texting, and create patient profiles. CareMessage also has handcrafted programs to help patients manage behavior changes (nutrition, medication management), chronic disease (hypertension, diabetes), women’s health (maternal health), pediatric health, and even mental health. CareMessage hopes to help improve the health of more than a million people by 2016 year’s end.
CareMission HQ in San Francisco
Mapping out the CareMessage mission (Facebook

3. WELFARE TECHNOLOGY

NONPROFIT: SamasourceWe’ve seen how nonprofits are using technology for healthcare and education, but what about poverty alleviation? Enter: Samasource. “Sama” means “equal” in Sanskrit, and sure enough, social entrepreneur Leila Janah founded the organization in 2008 with the goal of working towards global economic equality. Samasource’s vision is “to connect the one billion people living in poverty around the world to work using the power of technology.”

Samasource utilizes a microwork model that rests on the notion that even complicated assignments can be broken down into simple distinct tasks.
Through this framework, Samasource provides women and youth with simple digital tasks that are part of a larger data project, enabling them to develop tech skills, while also helping them to make the transition out of poverty.

Before working through Samasource, 92% of the workers are under-employed or unemployed. Six months of work at Samasource yields an average income increase of 114%; 89% of the workers seek out other work and educational opportunities when they finish at Samasource. Workers are able to make lasting improvements in the lives of their families, including bringing in healthier food, acquiring safer housing, and providing their children with educational opportunities. 
A Samasource Quality Assurance Trainer
A Samasource Quality Assurance Trainer communicates with regional satellite work centers (Facebook

4. HUMAN RIGHTS TECHNOLOGY

NONPROFIT: Polaris Project


It is difficult to believe that slavery exists in our contemporary society and affects 20.9 million people in the world. Katherine Chon and Derek Ellerman were appalled when they encountered an article on the terrible state of a brothel near their campus during their senior year at Brown. When police raided the building they came across six Asian women who were “being held in a situation of debt bondage.” They founded Polaris in 2002, an organization whose name is based on the North Star that 19
th century American slaves followed to freedom. One day after Commencement, the Brown graduates moved to D.C. and opened an office.
In the beginning, Katherine and Derek created a victim outreach program to locate trafficking places and networks, and help victims obtain services. They soon worked with other partners to bring bills to Congress and introduce legislation that protects victims while penalizing offenders. Polaris made the National Human Trafficking Resource Center into a national anti-slavery hotline in 2007, which is available in over 200 languages, and a place where callers can report a tip or receive anti-trafficking services; in March 2013 they established a texting option where victims can text HELP or INFO to “BeFree.”

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